Common eye diseases that can be detected through an eye exam include:
The leading cause of blindness, cataracts occurs when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy. As you age, your risk for developing cataracts will be greater. Other risk factors include family history, ethnicity, smoking and sun exposure.
The second leading cause of blindness, glaucoma usually has little or no early warning signs. People with glaucoma gradually lose their peripheral (side) vision. Initial symptoms can range from blurred vision and headaches, to none at all. Age, family history and ethnicity can all increase risk.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
AMD painlessly destroys sharp, central vision. It is the leading cause of blindness among Caucasian Americans over the age of 40. It is more common among women.
Serious health conditions that can be detected by a comprehensive eye exam include:
Also known as high blood pressure, hypertension impacts the eye as well as the body. It can damage vessels that supply blood to the retina and create leakage in the eye. Without proper treatment, it can lead to:
- Bleeding in the eye
- Blurred vision
- Optic nerve damage
This is a very serious disease that impacts many parts of the body, including the eye. It can contribute to eye diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration. Because blurred vision is one of the first symptoms of diabetes, it can be first detected by an eyecare professional—while it’s still early to seek proper treatment.